[前沿] The Physics of Life

来源:作者:高占伟 发布时间:2016-01-07 浏览次数:1100

 

近些年来,生命体(Living Organisms)与活性物质(Active Matter)受到越来越多的、来自不同领域的研究人员的关注,逐渐成为当下科学研究的一大热点话题。

 

201615日,在Nature上发表了一篇题为“The physics of life”文章,作者总结了今年了在生命体与活性物质方面的研究成果,以及所面临的问题。

 

 

1 Flocking birds can synchronize to make patterns.

 

 

2 Smart Swarms (Vicsek Model 1995)

 

 

A                                        B                                               C

D                            E                           F                               G

3

A: Lab-made droplets roll themselves

B: Scientists print self-assembling 'living tissue'

C: The tiniest Lego: a tale of nanoscale motors, rotors, switches and pumps

D: Precision formation flight astounds scientists

E: Autonomous drones flock like birds

F: Researchers create 1,000-robot swarm

G: Mathematical time law governs crowd flow

 

 

作者指出从鸟群到蜂拥的分子,物理学家们试图了解活性物,寻找一个生活世界的基本理论(From flocking birds to swarming molecules, physicists are seeking to understand 'active matter' — and looking for a fundamental theory of the living world.)。

 

 

原文链接地址:http://www.nature.com/news/the-physics-of-life-1.19105